Before a training is designed, instructional designers first identify the instructional objectives of the course. Instructional objectives are measureable terms that describe what learners will be able to do after the instruction. It is important to have clearly outline instructional objectives to make sure that what is taught in the courses matches the intended outcome. The acronym S.M.A.R.T. is used to remember the guideline for writing clear objectives.
Writing S.M.A.R.T. Objectives
To be effective, instructional objectives should be:
Bloom’s Taxonomy and Action Verbs
Bloom’s taxonomy is a hierarchical model of cognitive processes that boost learning outcomes. They are:
A newer version of Bloom’s taxonomy developed for 21st century learners has swapped synthesizing for evaluating and replaced evaluating with creating. Both are used by instructional designers to structure curriculum instructional objectives.
Bloom’s taxonomy action verb lists are also helpful when writing instructional objectives. For example, one list uses the verb “summarize” to describe an activity that reinforces comprehension. A verb that describes an evaluation activity is “critique”. Using these verb lists helps instructional designers generate measurable learning objectives easily, while adhering to the S.M.A.R.T. guidelines.
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